The urinary bladder is the organ that collects urine excreted by the kidneys before disposal by urination. It is a muscular sac in the pelvis, just above and behind the pubic bone.
Common Bladder Conditions are:
Cystitis: Inflammation or infection of the bladder causing acute or chronic pain or discomfort or urinary frequency or hesitancy.
Interstitial cystitis: A bladder pain syndrome (also IC/BPS), is a chronic inflammatory condition of the submucosal and muscular layers of the bladder.
Urinary stones: Stones (calculi) may form in the kidney and travel down to the bladder. If calculi block urine flow to or from the bladder, they can cause severe pain.
Bladder cancer: A tumor in the bladder is usually discovered after blood is noticed in the urine. Cigarette smoking and workplace chemical exposures cause most cases of bladder cancer.
Urinary incontinence: Involuntary urination, which may be chronic. Urinary incontinence can result from a variety of causes.
Overactive bladder: The bladder muscle (detrusor) contracts involuntarily, causing some urine to leak out. Detrusor overactivity is a common cause of urinary incontinence.
Hematuria: Blood in the urine. Hematuria may be benign, or may be caused by infection or a serious condition like bladder cancer.
Urinary retention: Urine does not exit the bladder normally due to obstruction or suppressed bladder muscle activity. The bladder may swell to hold more than a quart of urine.
Cystocele: Weakened pelvic muscles (usually from childbirth) allow the bladder to press on the vagina. Problems with urination can result.
Bed-wetting (nocturnal enuresis): Bed-wetting is defined as a child age 5 or older who wets the bed at least one or two times a week over at least three months.
Dysuria (painful urination): Pain or discomfort during urination due to infection, irritation, or inflammation of the bladder, urethra, or external genitals.
Dehydration is a common cause of bladder disorders. Clear or light-colored urine means you're well hydrated, whereas a dark yellow or amber color usually signals dehydration."
Severe dehydration can look like the following
Symptoms such as extreme thirst, fever, lack of sweating, sunken eyes, skin that is not elastic (does not bounce back when pinched) and low blood pressure. Your heart rate may become irregular, your urine output will decrease substantially, and you may lose consciousness.
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